Chronic kidney failure is a stage of kidney failure in which the kidneys are no longer able to function normally and perform their tasks, including maintaining balance.
Special points regarding the diet of patients with chronic kidney failure
*Due to the lack of appetite of patients with this disease, it is better to increase the number of daily meals and reduce the size of each meal.
*Salt intake should be limited in these patients, and salty foods such as pickles, tomato paste, sauces, and the like should be avoided.
* Consumption of sugar and sugar and foods containing them should be very limited.
* The bread used should be low in salt and made from wholemeal flour.
* Legumes (such as peas, lentils, beans) contain a lot of potassium and should be consumed in a limited form.
* Potato contains a lot of potassium, and to consume it, its skin must be removed and soaked in water for several hours to reduce the amount of potassium in it.
* Vegetables and fruits contain a lot of potassium, but due to the fact that they contain many essential nutrients for the body, they should be used in a proportionate amount of their low-potassium varieties.
Low potassium fruits: apple, tangerine, lemon, grapefruit, grape, cherry, strawberry, peach, pineapple, watermelon, raspberry, cranberry.
Perpotassium fruits: bananas, dates fruit, oranges, kiwi, pears, plums, nectarines, apricots, cantaloupe, cantaloupe, melons, dried fruits.
Low-potassium vegetables: cucumbers, bean sprouts, lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, onions, green beans, green peppers, zucchini, eggplant, turnips, carrots, radishes, rhubarb, mushrooms.
Propotassium vegetables: tomatoes, potatoes, beets, okra, pumpkins, hot peppers.
Note: Cooking vegetables increases the amount of potassium that can be absorbed. Therefore, it is better to eat vegetables raw.
Fruits provide vitamins and nutrients necessary during pregnancy. Choosing a diet is very important for the growth and development of the fetus. Increasing the intake of vitamins and minerals, in addition to supporting the development of the fetus, can help pregnant women to keep their bodies in the best possible condition. Consuming plenty of fresh fruit during pregnancy can guarantee the health of the mother and fetus. Fresh fruit is rich in vitamins and nutrients and is also a good source of fiber.
Consumption of dates fruit is recommended to pregnant women because of the nutritious compounds in it. This food is rich in iron, folate, vitamin K, magnesium and fiber and helps prevent and treat anemia, treat constipation, better fetal growth and supply The energy needed by the body helps.
Benefits of fruit in pregnancy
If you need nutritional advice during pregnancy, we recommend Dr. Manijeh Jovanmard Khoshdel. For advice and more information, call 021-77714405.
The best fruits you can eat during pregnancy
Eating fruit as a breakfast or snack for pregnant women is a good way to increase vitamin intake and curb sugar cravings. A list of the best fruits that should be included in the diet during pregnancy is:
Apricot is useful for the growth and development of the child by having the following ingredients.
Vitamins A, C and E
Calcium (strengthener of bones and teeth, necessary for blood coagulation, contraction and proper functioning of muscles, hormonal secretion, etc.)
Iron (preventing anemia, building essential proteins for the body, etc.)
Potassium (a component that balances the body’s PH, controls blood pressure, reduces the risk of stroke, etc.)
beta-carotene (it is a precursor of vitamin A and is one of the strong antioxidants)
Phosphorus (formation of bones and teeth, creation of protein for growth, maintenance and repair of cells and tissues, proper functioning of kidneys, normal heartbeat, etc.)
Silica (protecting collagen, strengthening bones and treating osteoarthritis, improving the digestive system and increasing the body’s immune system, etc.)
Oranges help keep the body hydrated and healthy and are an excellent source of:
Vitamin C (prevents cell damage and helps absorb iron)
Folate (one of the necessary vitamins for the formation of red and white blood cells in the bone marrow, converting carbohydrates into energy and preventing neural tube defects, etc.)
Neural tube defects may lead to abnormalities such as spina bifida (spinal cord disease in which the spine does not develop properly) and anencephaly (children with this disorder are missing a large part of the brain and skull).
Mangoes are rich in vitamins A and C. By consuming one cup of chopped mango, you can provide 100% of the recommended daily amount of vitamin C and more than 30% of the vitamin A you need. If your baby is deficient in vitamin A at birth, his immunity will be lower and the possibility of complications after birth, such as respiratory infections, will increase. Do not forget that high consumption of vitamin A during pregnancy is associated with risks, which are fully explained in this article.
Nutrients in pears include:
Fiber (a high-fiber diet is helpful in reducing and treating constipation during pregnancy)
Potassium (useful for the heart health of mother and child, stimulating cell repair)
By eating pomegranates during pregnancy, pregnant women can provide a lot of the nutrients their body needs, including:
Vitamin K (necessary for maintaining healthy bones)
Vitamin C (increases iron absorption)
Group B vitamins (pomegranate has anti-nausea properties due to the presence of these vitamins, and eating it on an empty stomach can solve the problem of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy)
Iron (Iron in pomegranate prevents anemia.)
Pomegranate, which is rich in other nutrients (such as thiamin, niacin, phosphorus, zinc, etc.), is considered a good source of energy and can provide the calories needed by a pregnant woman. According to research, drinking pomegranate juice during pregnancy can protect the placenta.
All the nutrients found in fresh fruit are also present in dried fruit; Therefore, by consuming pieces of dried fruit daily during pregnancy, you can get the vitamins and minerals you need. However, you should note that dried fruit is likely to have more sugar and lack the high volume of water found in fresh fruit, meaning it does not aid in the digestive process. Pregnant women should avoid consuming a lot of dried fruit and fruit juice. It is better to consume dried fruit next to fresh fruit and dry fruit should not be substituted for fresh fruit. Dried fruit contains the following energy and nutrients:
Vitamins and minerals
During menstruation, your body feels an imbalance in hormones, and the reason for this is blood loss, and for this reason, you need to eat foods containing fiber and protein, which include prohibited and harmful foods for this period.
Foods that are high in chemicals, such as canned foods, processed meats, and dairy products, worsen the feeling of bloating and excess water in the body. These foods also contain high salt, which is harmful especially during menstruation.
Harmful chocolates and snacks
If you have a sweet tooth, you can satisfy it through fruits. You definitely don’t have to buy sweet and factory snacks that are not only not good for you, but also cause gas and bloating.
If your period or menstruation is heavy, you must be very tired, heavy bleeding and a lot of pain. Spicy foods can increase your bloating and gas. Although you don’t have to remove them completely. Natural organic spices such as fresh pepper also have anti-cancer substances and are beneficial for the body. Spices such as fennel, coriander, cardamom and saffron can help your digestion and reduce the pains of this period.
Do not drink caffeine
Consumption of caffeinated drinks increases stomach acid, these drinks are not suitable during menstruation and for irritable stomach.
Coffee increases blood flow and heart rate, which worsens menstrual and period pains. If you have a regular habit of drinking coffee, be sure to choose an alternative during this time.
Enjoy the colorful, delicious and nutritious blessings of spring. Foods that have great benefits for you and your growing fetus. Whether at local markets or your local grocery store, you’ll have plenty of healthy options for your growing belly. Here’s a look at some of the best vegetables and fruits for pregnancy and how to eat them.
Nothing heralds spring like sweet and juicy strawberries. Its peak season is from mid-April to July, but it’s likely to be found on grocery shelves long after that.
Why are strawberries useful during pregnancy?
Strawberries are not only a healthy way to satisfy a sweet tooth, but one serving (about 8 berries) contains more vitamin C than an orange. In addition to supporting the body’s immune system and fetal bone growth, it also helps you absorb iron, which, considering anemia (or iron deficiency), which is a common problem during pregnancy, this fruit can have many benefits for you and the fetus. .
How to consume strawberries: A cup of strawberries is a great after-dinner snack, but you can mix them with Greek yogurt for breakfast and add them to a spinach salad for lunch. Add 85 grams of salmon and a spoonful of sunflower seeds to this spinach salad to get more folate, iron, protein and healthy fats than you need.
Why is avocado useful during pregnancy?
Avocados are full of polyunsaturated (good) fats, which help lower cholesterol while providing essential nutrients like vitamin B complex and folic acid, which are needed for the development of the brain, eyes, nervous system, and fat tissue of the fetus.
How to consume avocado: Despite its small size, this fruit has many benefits. Mash a quarter of an avocado, then mix it with some lemon juice and pepper and spread it on wholemeal bread for a nutritious and filling breakfast. If you don’t like the taste or texture of avocado but want to enjoy its benefits, you can mix a few slices of avocado with some frozen banana and almond milk in a blender and enjoy the creamy and delicious taste of this drink.
Dates fruit and its syrup
The body needs phosphate and iron for blood formation, and dates and its syrup is rich in iron, which helps to increase red blood cells and blood formation in the body. They also has a large amount of calcium, which is used to strengthen the bones of the body and help pregnant and lactating mothers.
Among other things, the best vegetables for pregnancy are beets. Beets thrive in mild temperatures, so it’s best to enjoy them in the spring before the weather gets too hot.
Why is beet useful during pregnancy?
Just one cup of this colorful root plant provides more than 30% of your daily requirement of folic acid, which, as you know, is essential for the health and development of your fetus’s spine and brain. Beets are also a good source of fiber, which helps prevent constipation during pregnancy, and potassium, which fights fatigue and muscle cramps, and a lack of it during pregnancy can lead to bloating, especially in the third trimester.
How to use beets: Using beets may seem difficult, but the preparation method is very simple. Boil the beets until cooked and soft. Remove their skin. Add it to salads, breakfast cereals, soups, egg dishes and even smoothies.
Dried apricots can be found at any time of the year, but this delicious stone fruit is available fresh from May to August.
Why is apricot useful during pregnancy?
The dietary fiber in apricots makes it easy to digest food, which can be a deterrent for expectant mothers who suffer from bloating. Apricots are also an excellent source of vitamins that will help you maintain your immune system and a healthy pregnancy, while protecting your and your baby’s vision.
How to consume apricots: Just one fresh apricot contains a full serving of the yellow fruit in a pregnancy diet, and this spring fruit is an easy way to add variety to salads as well. Keep a packet of chopped apricots in the freezer for a cool and delicious snack.
Another one of the best vegetables for pregnancy is spinach. You can certainly enjoy this superfood any time of the year, but spinach is best known as a spring harvest. Try to use more baby spinach. The small, shiny, bright green leaves of spinach are harvested before they develop into more mature plants.
Why is spinach useful during pregnancy?
These green leaves are rich in iron, which is very important for a healthy pregnancy. Because during pregnancy, your need for this food is almost twice as usual. Iron helps your body make hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to other cells. Because the amount of blood in your body increases during pregnancy, you need more iron to make more hemoglobin. You also need extra iron for the growth of your placenta and fetus.
What to eat during menstruation?
Since the body goes through many changes during this period, having a proper diet will help a lot in maintaining your vitality. Therefore, in this section, we introduce the best food for period:
Turmeric is one of the best spices for menstruation. Turmeric has anti-inflammatory and anti-swelling properties that you can reduce the pain of this period by adding it to your food.
During your period, more than ever, you need healthy fluids and water. Because your body water is lost along with bleeding. As a result, you should be careful that your body does not face dryness and dehydration.
Banana contains fiber, potassium and calcium; Fibers are very effective in relieving muscle pains as well as menstrual pains. It can also reduce the body weakness that most women experience during periods.
Broccoli can largely compensate for the water lost in your body during menstruation; It will also give your body enough strength to cope with the weakness and pain of period.
Dates are proved to generate heat in our body. Eat dates fruit regularly in a well-measured quantity to have a better menstruation experience.
Salmon fish is one of the best sources of food that can be prescribed for women during periods. This fish contains omega-3 fatty acid, which eliminates the pain and inflammation of the uterus and also removes heartburn. Salmon also has many vitamins that can provide you with energy during this period.
Orange contains vitamin C and is also considered a useful source of calcium. In addition to ensuring energy and body health during menstruation, this fruit can also help to improve a person’s mental state.
Women are facing problems such as depression during this time, and orange helps to restore their spirits a lot.
Dark chocolate is a herbal sedative that can reduce menstrual cramps. It is better not to use sweet chocolate during period, because the sugar in sweet chocolate stimulates pain and will lower the pain tolerance threshold.
The level of iron in the body of women is generally lower than that of men. During menstruation, the amount of this iron drops more; As a result, women are overcome with problems such as dizziness, tiredness, and fatigue, all of which are caused by iron deficiency; For this reason, by consuming green vegetables, this deficiency can be compensated and the mental and physical conditions of the person can be improved.
If you are one of those women who find it difficult to tolerate period pain with nausea, you can try ginger. In addition to eliminating menstrual pain, ginger can eliminate your nausea during your period and even during pregnancy, as long as you don’t overdo it. It is enough to pour a small amount of its powder in tea and drink it.
Chicken breast contains high fiber and iron that can help heal period pain and also provide the protein your body needs during this period.
Mint tea is one of the best relaxing teas for this period, its use will calm the nerves of women during menstruation, and it will also facilitate the tolerance of physical pain in the direction of greater mental peace. Peppermint tea also helps to improve digestive problems and reduce abdominal pain.
Chamomile tea is one of the most effective foods for menstruation. This tea, in addition to calming the nerves, soothes the uterus and reduces its contractions to a great extent.
Foods containing magnesium
In general, it can be said that magnesium is the most important factor for reducing body inflammation. For this reason, you can greatly reduce menstrual pain and inflammation by consuming magnesium in foods such as beans, peanuts, or potatoes.
Vitamin B1 and Omega 3
Researchers studied the effects of vitamin B1 and fish oil on dysmenorrhea symptoms in high school students. These students were divided into 4 different groups. One group took 100 mg of vitamin B1 per day. The next group consumed 500 mg of fish oil per day. One group took a combination of vitamin B1 and fish oil, and the last group took a placebo. Women did the treatment at the beginning of the menstrual period and continued it for 2 months. Compared to the placebo group, women who took vitamin B1, fish oil, or both reported less pain. Women who took fish oil or vitamin B1 reported menstrual cramps that were not as prolonged as those in the placebo group.
Menstrual cramps can be debilitating and annoying. Menstrual pains are due to an increase in the level of prostaglandins, which causes uterine contractions. These contractions cause bleeding from the uterine wall. Vitamin D reduces the production of prostaglandins. In one study, women with primary dysmenorrhea and low vitamin D levels, taking high doses of vitamin D once a week reduced pain intensity for 8 weeks during treatment and 1 month after treatment. Women who took vitamin D had less need to take pain medication to relieve menstrual pain. You can ask your doctor to measure your vitamin D level by doing a blood test.
Calcium is a nutrient that everyone needs, but most women do not get enough calcium.
Calcium is a nutrient that everyone needs, but most women don’t get enough of it. We need calcium not only to have healthy bones but also for the proper functioning of the heart, muscles and nervous system. Adequate intake of calcium can help relieve menstrual cramps. In one study, women who took a supplement containing 1,000 milligrams of calcium from the 15th day of their period until the pain stopped in subsequent cycles experienced less severe pain compared to a placebo group. Include low-fat dairy products, calcium-enriched orange juice, canned sardines and salmon, and other calcium-rich foods in your diet.
Dates fruits are one of the fruits that provide the body with vitamins A, B, C, E along with minerals including phosphorus, calcium, iron and magnesium.
Benefits of magnesium for women
Magnesium is an essential mineral that the body needs. Magnesium is an essential mineral that the body needs for the metabolism of more than 300 enzyme systems. Magnesium is essential for building healthy muscles, protein and bones. Your body needs magnesium for proper muscle and nerve function, blood pressure regulation, and blood sugar control. Magnesium is necessary for making DNA and RNA and making glutathione, which is one of the dominant antioxidants in the body. Magnesium can help relieve PMS symptoms, especially when taken with vitamin B6. One study found that women who took 250 mg of magnesium and 40 mg of vitamin B6 experienced fewer PMS symptoms. Be aware that magnesium can interfere with the action of medications such as antibiotics, proton pump inhibitors, diuretics, and bisphosphonates. To make sure magnesium is safe and appropriate, consult your doctor or pharmacist. Adequate magnesium intake is associated with a reduced risk of endometriosis. Sources of magnesium include peanuts, spinach, cashews and black beans. Young women should eat between 310 and 400 milligrams of magnesium per day, depending on their age and whether they are pregnant or breastfeeding.
If you’ve been to Southeast Asia you know just how popular dates fruit is. This is not a new idea. In fact, these succulent delicacies have been around in some form since before recorded history. These juicy little fruits are packed with vitamins and nutrients that make them a wonderful addition to any diet.
Dates fruit Malaysia is simply interested in a particular specialty fruit, and this is only truly grown in their own country. However, they are very readily imported if you happen to live in an arid, tropical area where the tree often thrives. Once harvested, the fruit itself is a pretty resilient tree, but will usually be broken down into pieces when picked. When soaked in water for several hours, the inner flesh can easily be torn open and eaten.
Although there are a number of countries that have a say in the marketing of dates fruit Malaysia is primarily a consumer market. This is primarily because this snack has an extremely high calorie count due to all of the raw ingredients. The great thing about these fruits is that they do not have a great deal of processing, and are very easy to eat. In addition, there are no artificial flavors added and the fruits are not preserved with added sugars.
One of the things that you should always look for in a Malaysia made date fruit Malay is that the skin is always crisp and unbroken. This allows the juice to be absorbed fully by the fruit. Also, it is important to make sure that the date fruit Malay contains at least 60% water. Be sure to also check to make sure that the date fruit comes fresh from the tree. It is incredibly important to make sure that you pick a fruit that is the correct size in relation to where it will be served.
There are a variety of different types of Malay desserts that can be enjoyed including Roti Mahalay. This dessert contains a mildly sweet dish that is made using a mixture of dates fruit and palm wine. Another type of dessert that is common in Malaysia is called Roti Seang. This dessert consists of rice cooked in clarified butter which makes for a delicious dessert that people of all ages will love.
If you wish to purchase high quality Malaysian dates, it is best to find suppliers that are located within a short distance of where you live. Make sure to shop around and compare prices. The Internet is an excellent resource for purchasing all types of foods, and when it comes to Malay food it is especially useful. Take your time, and check to see if you can find reputable suppliers by doing some research online. The selection of high quality dates in Malaysia is extensive, so it is easy to find a supplier who can provide the best quality foods at competitive prices.